Category Archives: 研究發表

Controlling Circularly Polarized Luminescence Using Helically Structured Chiral Silica as a Nanosized Fused Quartz Cell

李明家副教授研究團隊發表研究成果於JACS Au,並獲選該期刊封面故事。

連結網址:https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/jacsau.3c00390

Abstract

Circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) is typically achieved with a chiral luminophore. However, using a helical nanosized fused quartz cell consisting of chiral silica, we could control the wavelength and helical sense of the CPL of an achiral luminophore. Chiral silica with a helical nanostructure was prepared by calcining a mixture of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-functionalized isotactic poly(methacrylate) (it-PMAPOSS) and a small amount of chiral dopant. The chiral silica encapsulated functional molecules, including luminophores, along the helical nanocavity, leading to induced circular dichroism (ICD) and induced circularly polarized luminescence (iCPL). Because chiral silica can act as a helical nanosized fused quartz cell, it can encapsulate not only the luminophore but also solvent molecules. By changing the solvent in the luminophore-containing nanosized fused quartz cell, the wavelength of the CPL was controlled. This method provides an effective strategy for designing novel CPL-active materials.

Sustained Releasable Copper and Zinc Biogenic Ions Co-Assembled in Metal-Organic Frameworks Reinforced Bacterial Eradication and Wound Mitigation in Diabetic Mice

王雲銘教授研究團隊發表研究成果於 Bioconjugate Chemistry

連結網址:https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37552618/

Abstract

The employment of metal-organic framework (MOF)-based nanomaterials has been rapidly increasing in bioapplications owing to their biocompatibility, drug degradation, tunable porosity, and intrinsic biodegradability. This evidence suggests that the multifunctional bimetallic ions can behave as remarkable candidates for infection control and wound healing. In this study, bimetallic MOFs (Zn-HKUST-1 and FolA-Zn-HKUST-1) embedded with and without folic acid were synthesized and used for tissue sealing and repairing incisional wound sites in mice models. For comparison, HKUST-1 and FolA-HKUST-1 were also synthesized. The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area measured for HKUST-1, FolA-HKUST-1, Zn-HKUST-1, and FolA-Zn-HKUST-1 from N2 isotherms was found to be 1868, 1392, 1706, and 1179 m2/g, respectively. The measurements of contact angle values for Zn-HKUST-1, FolA-HKUST-1, and Zn-FolA-HKUST-1 were identified as 4.95 ± 0.8, 43.6 ± 3.4, and 60.62 ± 2.0°, respectively. For topical application in wound healing, they display a wide range of healing characteristics, including antibacterial and enhanced wound healing rates. In addition, in vitro cell migration and tubulogenic potentials were evaluated. The significant reduction in the wound gap and increased expression levels for CD31, eNOS, VEGF-A, and Ki67 were observed from immunohistological analyses to predict the angiogenesis behavior at the incision wound site. The wound healing rate was analyzed in the excisional dermal wounds of diabetic mice model in vivo. On account of antibacterial potentials and tissue-repairing characteristics of Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions, designing an innovative mixed metal ion-based biomaterial has wide applicability and is expected to modulate the growth of various gradient tissues.

Neuroprotective Effect of NO-Delivery Dinitrosyl Iron Complexes (DNICs) on Amyloid Pathology in the Alzheimer’s Disease Cell Model

王雲銘教授及高智飛副教授研究團隊發表研究成果於 ACS Chemical Neuroscience

連結網址:https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37533298/

Abstract

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by cognitive impairment, memory loss, and behavioral deficits. β-amyloid1-42(Aβ1-42) aggregation is a significant cause of the pathogenesis in AD. Despite the numerous types of research, the current treatment efficacy remains insufficient. Hence, a novel therapeutic strategy is required. Nitric oxide (NO) is a multifunctional gaseous molecule. NO displays a neuroprotective role in the central nervous system by inhibiting the Aβ aggregation and rescuing memory and learning deficit through the NO signaling pathway. Targeting the NO pathway might be a therapeutic option; however, NO has a limited half-life under the biological system. To address this issue, a biomimetic dinitrosyl iron complex [(NO)2Fe(μ-SCH2CH2COOH)2Fe(NO)2] (DNIC-COOH) that could stably deliver NO was explored in the current study. To determine whether DNIC-COOH exerts anti-AD efficacy, DNIC-COOH was added to neuron-like cells and primary cortical neurons along with Aβ1-42. This study found that DNIC-COOH protected neuronal cells from Aβ-induced cytotoxicity, potentiated neuronal functions, and facilitated Aβ1-42 degradation through the NO-sGC-cGMP-AKT-GSK3β-CREB/MMP-9 pathway.

Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease; amyloid pathology; dinitrosyl iron complexes; nitric oxide.

Oxygen-loaded microbubble-mediated sonoperfusion and oxygenation for neuroprotection after ischemic stroke reperfusion

何奕儒助理教授研究團隊發表研究成果於Biomater Res.

連結網址:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10324216/

 

Abstract

Background: Ischemic stroke-reperfusion (S/R) injury is a crucial issue in the protection of brain function after thrombolysis. The vasodilation induced by ultrasound (US)-stimulated microbubble cavitation has been applied to reduce S/R injury through sonoperfusion. The present study uses oxygen-loaded microbubbles (OMBs) with US stimulation to provide sonoperfusion and local oxygen therapy for the reduction of brain infarct size and neuroprotection after S/R.

Methods: The murine S/R model was established by photodynamic thrombosis and thrombolysis at the remote branch of the anterior cerebral artery. In vivo blood flow, partial oxygen pressure (pO2), and brain infarct staining were examined to analyze the validity of the animal model and OMB treatment results. The animal behaviors and measurement of the brain infarct area were used to evaluate long-term recovery of brain function.

 

Results: The percentage of blood flow was 45 ± 3%, 70 ± 3%, and 86 ± 2% after 60 min stroke, 20 min reperfusion, and 10 min OMB treatment, respectively, demonstrating sonoperfusion, and the corresponding pO2 level was 60 ± 1%, 76 ± 2%, and 79 ± 4%, showing reoxygenation. After 14 days of treatment, a 87 ± 3% reduction in brain infarction and recovery of limb coordination were observed in S/R mice. The expression of NF-κB, HIF-1α, IL-1β, and MMP-9 was inhibited and that of eNOS, BDNF, Bcl2, and IL-10 was enhanced, indicating activation of anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptosis responses and neuroprotection. Our study demonstrated that OMB treatment combines the beneficial effects of sonoperfusion and local oxygen therapy to reduce brain infarction and activate neuroprotection to prevent S/R injury.

Conjugation of bone grafts with NO-delivery dinitrosyl iron complexes promotes synergistic osteogenesis and angiogenesis in rat calvaria bone defects

王雲銘教授研究團隊發表研究成果於 Journal of Materials Chemistry B

連結網址:https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2023/tb/d3tb00587a

 Abstract

Craniofacial/jawbone deformities remain a significant clinical challenge in restoring facial/dental functions and esthetics. Despite the reported therapeutics for clinical bone tissue regeneration, the bioavailability issue of autografts and limited regeneration efficacy of xenografts/synthetic bone substitutes, however, inspire continued efforts towards functional conjugation and improvement of bioactive bone graft materials. Regarding the potential of nitric oxide (NO) in tissue engineering, herein, functional conjugation of NO-delivery dinitrosyl iron complex (DNIC) and osteoconductive bone graft materials was performed to optimize the spatiotemporal control over the delivery of NO and to activate synergistic osteogenesis and angiogenesis in rat calvaria bone defects. Among three types of biomimetic DNICs, [Fe2(μ-SCH2CH2COOH)2(NO)4] (DNIC-COOH) features a steady kinetics for cellular uptake by MC3T3-E1 osteoblast cells followed by intracellular assembly of protein-bound DNICs and release of NO. This steady kinetics for intracellular delivery of NO by DNIC-COOH rationalizes its biocompatibility and wide-spectrum cell proliferation effects on MC3T3-E1 osteoblast cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Moreover, the bridging [SCH2CH2COOH] thiolate ligands in DNIC-COOH facilitate its chemisorption to deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) and physisorption onto TCP (β-tricalcium phosphate), respectively, which provides a mechanism to control the kinetics for the local release of loaded DNIC-COOH. Using rats with calvaria bone defects as an in vivo model, DNIC-DBBM/DNIC-TCP promotes the osteogenic and angiogenic activity ascribed to functional conjugation of osteoconductive bone graft materials and NO-delivery DNIC-COOH. Of importance, the therapeutic efficacy of DNIC-DBBM/DNIC-TCP on enhanced compact bone formation after treatment for 4 and 12 weeks supports the potential for clinical application to regenerative medicine.

OPRM1 A118G polymorphism modulating motor pathway for pain adaptability in women with primary dysmenorrhea

謝仁俊教授研究團隊發表研究成果於Frontiers in Neuroscience

連結網址:https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnins.2023.1179851/full

Introduction: Primary dysmenorrhea (PDM) is a common condition among women of reproductive age, characterized by menstrual pain in the absence of any organic causes. Previous research has established a link between the A118G polymorphism in the mu-opioid receptor (OPRM1) gene and pain experience in PDM. Specifically, carriers of the G allele have been found to exhibit maladaptive functional connectivity between the descending pain modulatory system and the motor system in young women with PDM. This study aims to explore the potential relationship between the OPRM1 A118G polymorphism and changes in white matter in young women with PDM.

Methods: The study enrolled 43 individuals with PDM, including 13 AA homozygotes and 30 G allele carriers. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) scans were performed during both the menstrual and peri-ovulatory phases, and tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) and probabilistic tractography were used to explore variations in white matter microstructure related to the OPRM1 A118G polymorphism. The short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) was used to access participants’ pain experience during the MEN phase.

Results: Two-way ANOVA on TBSS analysis revealed a significant main effect of genotype, with no phase effect or phase-gene interaction detected. Planned contrast analysis showed that during the menstrual phase, G allele carriers had higher fractional anisotropy (FA) and lower radial diffusivity in the corpus callosum and the left corona radiata compared to AA homozygotes. Tractographic analysis indicated the involvement of the left internal capsule, left corticospinal tract, and bilateral medial motor cortex. Additionally, the mean FA of the corpus callosum and the corona radiata was negatively correlated with MPQ scales in AA homozygotes, but this correlation was not observed in G allele carriers. No significant genotype difference was found during the pain-free peri-ovulary phase.

Discussion: OPRM1 A118G polymorphism may influence the connection between structural integrity and dysmenorrheic pain, where the G allele could impede the pain-regulating effects of the A allele. These novel findings shed light on the underlying mechanisms of both adaptive and maladaptive structural neuroplasticity in PDM, depending on the specific OPRM1 polymorphism.

A Low-Cost Fertilizer Medium Supplemented with Urea for the Lutein Production of Chlorella sp. and the Ability of the Lutein to Protect Cells against Blue Light Irradiation

林志生教授研究團隊發表研究成果於Bioengineering

連結網址:https://www.mdpi.com/2306-5354/10/5/594

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the use of organic fertilizers instead of modified f/2 medium for Chlorella sp. cultivation, and the extracted lutein of the microalga to protect mammal cells against blue-light irradiation. The biomass productivity and lutein content of Chlorella sp. cultured in 20 g/L fertilizer medium for 6 days were 1.04 g/L/d and 4.41 mg/g, respectively. These values are approximately 1.3- and 1.4-fold higher than those achieved with the modified f/2 medium, respectively. The cost of medium per gram of microalgal biomass reduced by about 97%. The microalgal lutein content was further increased to 6.03 mg/g in 20 g/L fertilizer medium when supplemented with 20 mM urea, and the cost of medium per gram lutein reduced by about 96%. When doses of ≥1 μM microalgal lutein were used to protect mammal NIH/3T3 cells, there was a significant reduction in the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by the cells in the following blue-light irradiation treatments. The results show that microalgal lutein produced by fertilizers with urea supplements has the potential to develop anti-blue-light oxidation products and reduce the economic challenges of microalgal biomass applied to carbon biofixation and biofuel production.

DDX3 suppresses hepatocellular carcinoma progression through modulating the secretion and composition of exosome

麥如村助理教授研究團隊發表研究成果於Am J Cancer Res

連結網址:https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37293175/

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the use of organic fertilizers instead of modified f/2 medium for Chlorella sp. cultivation, and the extracted lutein of the microalga to protect mammal cells against blue-light irradiation. The biomass productivity and lutein content of Chlorella sp. cultured in 20 g/L fertilizer medium for 6 days were 1.04 g/L/d and 4.41 mg/g, respectively. These values are approximately 1.3- and 1.4-fold higher than those achieved with the modified f/2 medium, respectively. The cost of medium per gram of microalgal biomass reduced by about 97%. The microalgal lutein content was further increased to 6.03 mg/g in 20 g/L fertilizer medium when supplemented with 20 mM urea, and the cost of medium per gram lutein reduced by about 96%. When doses of ≥1 μM microalgal lutein were used to protect mammal NIH/3T3 cells, there was a significant reduction in the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by the cells in the following blue-light irradiation treatments. The results show that microalgal lutein produced by fertilizers with urea supplements has the potential to develop anti-blue-light oxidation products and reduce the economic challenges of microalgal biomass applied to carbon biofixation and biofuel production.

Transcriptomic analysis of World Trade Center particulate Matter-induced pulmonary inflammation and drug treatments

楊進木教授研究團隊發表研究成果於Environment International

連結網址:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412023003008?via%3Dihub

Abstract

Over 400,000 people are estimated to have been exposed to World Trade Center particulate matter (WTCPM) since the attack on the Twin Towers in Lower Manhattan on September 11, 2001. Epidemiological studies have found that exposure to dust may cause respiratory ailments and cardiovascular diseases. However, limited studies have performed a systematic analysis of transcriptomic data to elucidate the biological responses to WTCPM exposure and the therapeutic options. Here, we developed an in vivo mouse exposure model of WTCPM and administered two drugs (i.e., rosoxacin and dexamethasone) to generate transcriptomic data from lung samples. WTCPM exposure increased the inflammation index, and this index was significantly reduced by both drugs. We analyzed the transcriptomics derived omics data using a hierarchical systems biology model (HiSBiM) with four levels, including system, subsystem, pathway, and gene analyses. Based on the selected differentially expressed genes (DEGs) from each group, WTCPM and the two drugs commonly affected the inflammatory responses, consistent with the inflammation index. Among these DEGs, the expression of 31 genes was affected by WTCPM exposure and consistently reversed by the two drugs, and these genes included Psme2, Cldn18, and Prkcd, which are involved in immune- and endocrine-related subsystems and pathways such as thyroid hormone synthesis, antigen processing and presentation, and leukocyte transendothelial migration. Furthermore, the two drugs reduced the inflammatory effects of WTCPM through distinct pathways, e.g., vascular-associated signaling by rosoxacin, whereas mTOR-dependent inflammatory signaling was found to be regulated by dexamethasone. To the best of our knowledge, this study constitutes the first investigation of transcriptomics data of WTCPM and an exploration of potential therapies. We believe that these findings provide strategies for the development of promising optional interventions and therapies for airborne particle exposure.

Combining virtual screening with cis-/trans-cleavage enzymatic assays effectively reveals broad-spectrum inhibitors that target the main proteases of SARS-CoV-2 and MERS-CoV

陸志豪副教授研究團隊發表研究成果於 Antiviral Research

連結網址:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166354223001316?dgcid=coauthor

Abstract

The main protease (Mpro) of SARS-CoV-2 is essential for viral replication, which suggests that the Mpro is a critical target in the development of small molecules to treat COVID-19. This study used an in-silico prediction approach to investigate the complex structure of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro in compounds from the United States National Cancer Institute (NCI) database, then validate potential inhibitory compounds against the SARS-CoV-2 Mpro in cis- and trans-cleavage proteolytic assays. Virtual screening of ∼280,000 compounds from the NCI database identified 10 compounds with highest site-moiety map scores. Compound NSC89640 (coded C1) showed marked inhibitory activity against the SARS-CoV-2 Mpro in cis-/trans-cleavage assays. C1 strongly inhibited SARS-CoV-2 Mpro enzymatic activity, with a half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 2.69 μM and a selectivity index (SI) of >74.35. The C1 structure served as a template to identify structural analogs based on AtomPair fingerprints to refine and verify structure-function associations. Mpro-mediated cis-/trans-cleavage assays conducted with the structural analogs revealed that compound NSC89641 (coded D2) exhibited the highest inhibitory potency against SARS-CoV-2 Mpro enzymatic activity, with an IC50 of 3.05 μM and a SI of >65.57. Compounds C1 and D2 also displayed inhibitory activity against MERS-CoV-2 with an IC50 of <3.5 μM. Thus, C1 shows potential as an effective Mpro inhibitor of SARS-CoV-2 and MERS-CoV. Our rigorous study framework efficiently identified lead compounds targeting the SARS-CoV-2 Mpro and MERS-CoV Mpro.

en_US