何信瑩教授研究團隊發表研究成果於Human Genetics and Genomics Advances
The ability to detect cancer at an early stage in patients who would benefit from effective therapy is a key factor in increasing survivability. This work proposes an evolutionary supervised learning method called CancerSig to identify cancer stage-specific microRNA (miRNA) signatures for early cancer predictions. CancerSig established a compact panel of miRNA signatures as potential markers from 4,667 patients with 15 different types of cancers for the cancer stage prediction, and achieved a mean performance: 10-fold cross-validation accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 84.27% ± 6.31%, 0.81 ± 0.12, 0.80 ± 0.10, and 0.80 ± 0.06, respectively. The pan-cancer analysis of miRNA signatures suggested that three miRNAs, hsa-let-7i-3p, hsa-miR-362-3p, and hsa-miR-3651, contributed significantly toward stage prediction across 8 cancers, and each of the 67 miRNAs of the panel was a biomarker of stage prediction in more than one cancer. CancerSig may serve as the basis for cancer screening and therapeutic selection.